5G is the newest network of wireless technology. It is used to transfer data between devices such as cell phones and Bluetooth devices.
5G works by producing a type of energy called electromagnetic radiation. It uses higher frequencies than previous wireless networks, making it faster and more efficient.
Electromagnetic frequencies, such as those produced by 5G, create an area called an electromagnetic field (EMF). Some people believe that electromagnetic fields have negative health effects.
As a result, there are concerns about the health impact of 5G. But there are currently no known health risks associated with 5G.
Read on to learn more about 5G and what research says so far.
Wireless technology is constantly evolving. Mobile companies release a new generation of wireless systems approximately every 10 years. Each generation is an updated, more advanced version of the previous.
5G networks were released in 2019. The term “5G” stands for “fifth generation”.
5G provides faster mobile communication. This is expected to support the growing number of electronic devices and services, including:
self-driving cars virtual reality device counting medicine remote surveillance counting surgery
5G works by using higher frequencies in the electromagnetic spectrum. The frequencies vary from 3.5 gigahertz (GHz) to a few dozen GHz.
Before 5G was launched, these higher frequencies were not used in mobile networks. They are mostly used in devices such as security scanners.
It’s worth noting that electromagnetic frequencies are produced by anything that uses electricity. This includes:
microwavespower lines computers
5G also uses a method called beamforming, which sends data directly to devices. This is different from previous generations, which sent signals in all directions.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there is limited research on the frequencies used in 5G.
There is more research on the health effects of electromagnetic fields across the spectrum. However, the results are inconsistent.
To date, electromagnetic fields may have been associated with:
A small study from 2017 showed that cell phones use frequencies from 1.8 to 2.2 GHz. These frequencies cause tissue heating, according to WHO.
Tissue heating occurs when your skin absorbs electromagnetic energy. This causes a slight increase in temperature in your brain and body.
A 2021 study also found that people experience more EMF-related tissue heating as they age. Plus, the higher the EMFs, the more they absorb. That’s because older people often have reduced skin thickness and blood flow.
However, tissue heating is considered to be momentary and minimal. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) also states that the public is exposed to very low frequencies of electromagnetic fields. These levels are too low to cause significant tissue heating.
More research is needed to determine how 5G specifically affects human tissue.
The effects of 5G exposure on cognitive function have not yet been studied.
There is some research with EMFs from other sources. In a small 2017 study, researchers examined how cell phone use affects cognitive function. The researchers found that using a cell phone for at least 90 minutes a day is associated with attention problems.
A small 2018 study found conflicting evidence. The researchers examined 43 studies related to electromagnetic fields and cognitive function. They concluded that there is no solid link between electromagnetic fields and cognitive problems.
In 2011, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) stated that electromagnetic fields are “potentially carcinogenic” to humans. The classification has been determined by 30 scientists from 14 countries.
To date, most studies have investigated the possible link between electromagnetic fields and brain cancer. But the results are inconsistent.
For example, a 2017 study found that EMF radiation from cell phones is linked to glioma, a type of brain cancer. In contrast, a 2018 study found no clear link between high-frequency EMFs and brain tumors.
Again, more studies are needed to determine if the 5G frequency can contribute to cancer development.
Limited research has been done on how 5G specifically affects animals.
Most studies involve mice or rats. For example, a 2019 animal study found that mobile phone EMFs are linked to DNA damage in mice and rats. Another 2016 animal study found that electromagnetic fields of any frequency can damage the nervous system.
A 2020 research review also examined how EMFs affect organisms such as snails and frogs. The researchers determined that it is unclear whether EMFs have negative effects on animals.
More research is needed to determine how 5G affects animals, if at all.
Since the release of 5G, many false health claims have popped up on social media. Examples of these myths are:
COVID-19 vaccines contain 5G microchips 5G release is used to cover up the COVID-19 pandemic 5G causes headaches, migraines and dizziness
There is no evidence behind these claims.
5G and the new coronavirus
There is also a myth that 5G mobile networks are associated with the new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, which causes the condition COVID-19. This is wrong.
5G is rumored to spread the virus directly. But viruses spread through respiratory droplets, not wireless networks.
Some rumors claim that 5G suppresses your immune system, increasing your risk of SARS-CoV-2, which causes COVID-19. But this is not true either. There is no evidence that EMFs or 5G affect your risk of developing viral infections.
The IARC, which has classified electromagnetic fields as “possibly carcinogenic”, is part of the WHO. But WHO is completing its separate health assessment of electromagnetic fields.
The International EMF Project manages the assessment. The WHO founded the International EMF project in 1996.
Dr. Lennart Hardell, an oncologist in Sweden, spoke out against the EMF project. In a 2017 research review, Hardell stated that five of the six members of EMF’s core group are affiliated with the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP).
According to Hardell, this is a conflict of interest. He also states that many ICNIRP members are affiliated with industries that use wireless networks.
5G is the latest wireless network. It provides faster mobile communication by producing higher electromagnetic frequencies.
Currently there is no solid evidence that 5G causes negative health effects in humans or animals. Most researchers have studied EMFs in general and have found mixed results.
While more studies are needed to understand 5G, it is not associated with SARS-CoV-2 contracting, which causes COVID-19. 5G does not spread the new coronavirus or make you more susceptible to viral infections.